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First of all, and I think this is the most important thing to say above all else; mass shootings are both complex and uncommon (yes even in America), qualities that make translating information into statistical models very difficult. There is usually never one singular cause to point to when it comes to a violent gun crime. Each case must be judged based on the context and circumstance surrounding the incident, because results gathered show that motives are different and at varying degrees from each other. Our criminal code reflects this (first degree, second, third, involuntary…).
That being said, there is hardly any evidence supporting a correlation between a propensity for violent gun crime and mental illness in the individual. In fact, people with mental illnesses are more likely to be victims rather than aggressors. Even if there was a link, we would have to undergo the laborious task of defining what "mental illness" actually is. This is may not sound that bad, but you have to understand that the field of psychology redefines mental conditions all the time. Conditions like schizophrenia were once thought to be benign while homosexuality was considered a mental disorder. Of course, once a definition is changed that dramatically, the older statistical data is now faulty.
That isn't to say that mental illness has no role in gun violence. As I recall, half of the CDC's reported gun violence deaths in 2013 were from suicide. Medical background checks alone, however, will not curb mass shootings. I believe universal background checks, understanding and eliminating the cultural fear between certain groups, and a vetting process that demonstrates responsible gun ownership will be the most effective in stemming mass shootings.
This was originally posted in the Feminist Club, but since the OP is about to get her account deleted along with the club, I thought I would repost it with minor edits here for prosperity. Feel free to comment on it!
The gender pay gap is a very real problem in America. It is also one of the most misunderstood feminist issues that has lead to many people questioning whether it even exists or not. Unfortunately, the debate is not even focused on the extent of the pay gap, much less what measures should be taken to solve the issue. This is in part due to political entities oversimplifying the problem with easily digestible figures, while not spending nearly enough time explaining the nuances. Even the President of the US, in his 2014 State of the Union Address, has contributed to this misinformation.
So today, I am going to help dispel the often-cited and incredibly misleading figure of women on average earning roughly 77 cents to the dollar of what a man earns. Keep in mind the way I worded what I just said, because the way I said it is technically true, and it is actually a very easy ratio to compute. It is typically pulled from the Census Bureau's tracking of annual wages. Page 50 of the .pdf document showed that women's full-time, year-round median earnings in 2012 were $37,791. For men, it was $49.398. A simple arithmetic problem of 37,791 / 49,398 equates to 76.46%. Input 2011's findings into the same equation and you will get 77.01%. Notably, the ratio gap has been broadly trending into a convergence since the data began recording in 1960.
It would seem that this supports these so-called 77 cent claims, right? Not if those claims are hinting at women and men who work the same jobs.
There is a monumental difference between these two statements:
As the critics of this figure are right to point out, the data is overly broad and does not take into account the hours women and men typically work in their respective jobs, how long they serve in their careers, and even the type of jobs they hold (all of which, however, are legitimate feminist issues themselves). For instance, a Bureau of Labor Statistics Report shows that the gap is 82% when you change the earnings from annual to weekly. This too is flawed, as it does not factor in compensation earnings given outside of the weekly basis, whereas the 77 cent study does. Bottom line: there are a lot of variables that go into the pay gap, and while economists generally accept that employer-based wage discrimination plays a role in it, they are not sure of the degree.
A user writes: "For example the wage gap is a 100% proven myth."
The raw numbers do not lie, but they can easily be misconstrued. It seems like most people assume the entirety of the pay gap is due to explicit employer-based gender discrimination. This is simply false. In one study, however, up to 15% of the gender wage gap is purported to be either hard to test or not immediately explainable (p. 848). Discrimination would fall somewhere in that margin.
In short, the gender pay gap points to a lot of issues that feminists are raising, but wage discrimination is not one of them, at least not by itself. That isn't to say that wage discrimination does not exist. It most certainly does, but the data is far from conclusive as to the extent of it.
So what does it explain, exactly? An interview with Harvard University economics professor Claudia Goldin outlines several of the problems us feminists are concerned about, one of which is that women tend to bear the responsibility of taking on lower-paying or flexible jobs in order to care for their children, which is why paid maternity/paternity leave is a central issue in most feminist movements. This is only one of many that are being discussed and rallied in order to promote equality among the genders, and the pay gap provides a compelling argument for it.
Here are a few responses I received from members on the forum. I do not block people, so feel free to say anything you'd like about this piece!
Or let me see if i can explain it in my own words and maybe make it a bit shorter.
The wage gap myth confuses wages with earnings, it's illegal in the USA to pay people less for the same job since JFK was the prez. Women do get paid on average less than a male but only because men and women choose different career paths, work different hours, have different schedules, certainly different priorities, etc. When you factor all those things it gets reduced to a maybe 2-5% difference and even then you have to take into account women live longer, have children, get sick so they'll take more out of the system than men in the same conditions.
Dunno if it's true but i've heard the argument that men also pay just a bit more in taxes in the US, can anyone let me know if it's true or not?
I invite you to do some real research into the issue and read many good studies that have debunked the myth.
If your position is based on a myth then your position is either false, or you are doing it a disservice by your involvement.
Either of those scenarios mean you would do yourself a service by disengaging from the issue.
Good evening, friends. FinaLee is currently adjusting to the new college semester along with an exciting new job. Multiple music projects are in the making, new ideas are being formed, and they are in a good place in life at this point in time. Stay tuned!
Oh gosh, Undertale is such a great game. It's so great, that I decided to name my new track after one of my most favorite characters, Papyrus.
As always, tell me how you're doing. This isn't me pretending to care. It's the real deal!
Yaya, gots another intro track thingy out. It's a little bit different from the other tracks I've made, since its more of a concept to a bigger story than a standalone piece. That means I really need opinions on whether you guys would want to hear a more cohesive string of tracks or not. Feedback always means a lot to me.
Here's an artpiece I used as an image cover for my track; "Redhood" by PixlWalkr. Rock!
Also, hi. How's it going?
I don't think the kale shake trend is going to be dying down anytime soon, so I thought I would try it out for myself! Here's what I blend together every morning now before I head off to school. Remember, the better the blender, the finer your shakes will be.
1-2 cups of kale
1 cup of frozen berries
Milk (add to preferred consistency)
Voila! You now have a healthy shake that is high in Vitamin K, C, and A. It is also a great source of calcium and other antioxindants, which help prevent aging and certain diseases. Also, it doesn't taste half bad!
I do make music sometimes, I swear! Here is my latest track. It's a submission to the Newgrounds Inspired Music Contest going on right now. Give it a listen!
All is well over here, and I hope it is just as well for you too. Free to tell me how your day is/was.
I had my username changed from FinaLee to LeeSteevens. Thank you.